Laser face lifting. What it is? Effect of the procedure

Laser face lifting is a modern way of rejuvenation, a popular trend in hardware cosmetology. Its essence lies in the following characteristics:

  • is a non-invasive method;
  • the skin is exposed to gentle mechanical and thermal effects;
  • affects not only the epidermis, but also the deeper layers of the skin;
  • is suitable for correcting imperfections in the face, neck and other parts of the body;
  • causes micro-trauma that stimulates the natural production of collagen;
  • removes wrinkles and restores a youthful, healthy appearance to the skin.

The procedure is carried out using laser equipment. It converts a beam of light rays into thermal energy, which, through special settings, is directed to cells in a specific layer of the dermis. This helps to kick-start the skin's regeneration processes, which begins natural rejuvenation.

What is laser face lifting?

what is laser face lifting

This procedure belongs to modern hardware cosmetology. The service is offered by beauty salons and plastic surgery centers. Laser lifting is aimed at lifting the contours of the face and smoothing out mimic wrinkles. In addition, the procedure will help eliminate some aesthetic defects. The effect is achieved due to the glow produced by the laser attachment of the device. The glow penetrates into the upper layers of the epidermis and connective tissues. Under his influence:

  • the stratum corneum is exfoliated;
  • blood and lymph flow accelerates;
  • the secretory function of the sebaceous glands is normalized;
  • small seals caused by acne dissolve.

Laser lifting stimulates the production of collagen and elastin, so the new regenerated skin becomes smoother and more elastic, with an even relief. Due to the narrowing of the pores observed under the influence of the laser, the skin acquires a tightened appearance, mimic wrinkles are smoothed, and minor cosmetic defects disappear.

Indications for conducting

Laser 3D lifting allows you to improve the oval of the face and eliminate various skin defects. It can be carried out from 18 to 70 years old, but the optimal period is considered to be the age of 25-55 years. It is during this age interval that collagen production slows down, but the signs of aging are not yet very pronounced.

It is better to carry out anti-aging prophylaxis in a timely manner, since some changes cannot be eliminated even with a laser.

The indications for the procedure are the following defects in appearance:

  • wrinkles and folds;
  • decrease in skin firmness and elasticity;
  • drooping of the eyelids;
  • bags under the eyes;
  • loss of the contour of the lower third of the face;
  • unhealthy skin color;
  • age spots;
  • spider veins;
  • scars and acne marks;
  • vague oval of the face;
  • acne;
  • swelling associated with lymph congestion;
  • enlarged pores;
  • drooping of the corners of the mouth;
  • excessive secretion of the sebaceous glands.

To prolong youth, it is recommended to undergo thermolifting procedures from 35 years old. This lift is used for both women and men.

What is facelift?

facelift results

Facelift literally translates as facelift. With age, the skin loses its elasticity and becomes saggy. Lifting is designed to solve this problem. Moreover, the tightening is performed not only by surgery, but also by rubbing or introducing special formulations, as well as facial exercises. The best option is a combination of methods. After all, if the operation only tightens sagging skin, then other methods increase its firmness and elasticity.

Faceliftis the general name for methods of rejuvenation and facelift: operating, injection, hardware, natural or cosmetic. Below we will look at each group of methods.

Contraindications for use

There is an impressive list of limitations for the procedure, since it has a significant effect on the patient's body. The main contraindications are the following:

  • acute infectious processes;
  • HIV;
  • benign and malignant neoplasms;
  • blood diseases;
  • skin diseases in the acute phase;
  • mental disorders;
  • pathology of the central nervous system;
  • diabetes mellitus;
  • chronic diseases of various organs during an exacerbation;
  • tendency to form keloid scars;
  • pregnancy and lactation;
  • increased photosensitivity;
  • photosensitivity due to taking certain medications.

Contraindications

If you find the above changes in yourself, check out the reasons why you shouldn't carry out laser therapy:

  • age over 55;
  • blood clotting disorder;
  • blood diseases;
  • diabetes mellitus;
  • malignant tumors;
  • diseases of the skin;
  • infectious diseases;
  • neurological disorders;
  • epilepsy;
  • light sensitivity;
  • pregnancy in all three trimesters and lactation.
rejuvenation results

Execution Technology

The technique of laser facelift is as follows: pulse power settings are selected to penetrate to a certain depth of the dermis, where it should have a thermal effect on target cells. This stimulates the regenerative processes in the tissues of the facial skin.

For a better acquaintance with the peculiarities of laser lifting, it is worth watching a video of the skin treatment process.

Preparing for the procedure

For successful manipulation it is important to properly prepare the skin for the laser.It is necessary to consult in advance with a specialist who will carry out thermolifting in order to choose the optimal method of rejuvenation, taking into account contraindications.

Two weeks before the lift, it is important to follow these rules:

  • refuse thermal procedures (sauna, steam bath);
  • do not visit the solarium;
  • limit the intake of certain medications (after consulting your doctor);
  • exclude smoking and alcohol consumption.

A few days before laser facial rejuvenation, start taking anti-inflammatory drugs prescribed by a specialist.

Already in the cosmetologist's office, before laser skin treatment, the following preparatory steps are taken:

  • cleansing the face from cosmetics, impurities and sebaceous secretions;
  • peeling to remove dead cells of the epidermis;
  • application of the cooling gel.

To protect eyesight from laser flashes, special glasses are worn on the patient's eyes.

Types of methods

After preparation, problem areas are treated with a laser pulse of a certain power. There are several types of lifting. All techniques are divided into two main groups: ablative and non-ablative. Their common feature is the thermal effect on the dermis, but at the same time thermolifting differs in the depth of the effect and the duration of the effect.

Ablative techniques are mainly used in clinics of aesthetic medicine, beauty salons rarely undertake such serious procedures and prefer non-ablative lifting.

Ablative methods

This method is considered more radical, since it involves removing a layer of the skin to stimulate the processes of its renewal. The laser beam causes damage to the upper layers by evaporating water from them. Thus, it is possible to remove irregularities (scars, wrinkles) and age spots. After healing, a noticeable tightening effect is created,, the treated areas are completely renewed, and the processes of enhanced production of collagen and elastin are triggered in the layers of the dermis.

The ablative method includes two directions:

  1. Solid ablation. A rather complicated and radical procedure known as laser peeling. It involves the complete removal of the top layer of the skin (burn principle) for its renewal.
  2. Fractional method. Most clinics prefer fractional laser rejuvenation. It provides for the separation of the laser pulse into smaller beams. For this, a special Fraxel laser is used. Grinding the surface layers in this way allows you to immediately notice the effect of the manipulation, but recovery will take several weeks.

Non-ablative methods

Non-ablative methods are often used to prevent aging and eliminate minor defects. They are produced using three types of laser machines:

  1. Diode. It triggers collagen synthesis, stimulates natural rejuvenation.
  2. Neodymium. It is used to eliminate defects in the form of spider veins.
  3. Erbium. Produces microdamage and vaporization (bactericidal treatment with a jet of steam mixed with ozone) of deep layers, which stimulates regeneration processes.

A non-ablative facelift allows you to improve your appearance without damaging the epidermis. The settings are selected in such a way as to affect the deeper layers of the dermis. This stimulates the synthesis of collagen and elastin, even in sensitive areas that cannot be fully treated with ablative methods. The absence of significant damage will shorten the recovery period, but the results will be less noticeable.

Rehabilitation period

The recovery time depends on the chosen laser lifting technique. With gentle treatment of the skin, 4-5 days are enough to bounce back and return to your usual way of life. If the principle of removing the top layer of skin was used, it will take 2 to 4 weeks to heal.

At first, patients are worried about swelling, soreness, redness and dryness. The treated areas represent a burn wound and should therefore be cared for accordingly. To speed up rehabilitation and reduce the risks of complications, you should adhere to simple recommendations:

  • stop using cosmetics;
  • apply creams prescribed by a cosmetologist to moisturize and nourish the skin;
  • avoid exposure to sunlight, use products with UV filters;
  • give up alcohol and smoking;
  • do not visit saunas, solariums and swimming pools;
  • do not massage the face;
  • less hands to touch the treated skin and not create pressure on it during sleep by choosing the correct posture (you need to sleep on your back).

These restrictions must be in effect for at least 3 weeks after the lift. Avoid contact with ultraviolet light and thermal procedures for another 1. 5-2 months.

How does a laser facelift work?

Facelift with a laser depends on the goal and the client's wishes, on the chosen rejuvenation technique, on the equipment used in the clinic.

Laser equipment

laser equipment for rejuvenation

Non-ablative rejuvenation machines are used for laser facelift.

Laser radiation penetrates to different depths and has a specific effect, depending on the wavelength. Various laser devices solve their tasks for facial skin rejuvenation.

The main task for an ablative laser is water, which evaporates from the tissue during the procedure.

Laser peeling is a painful procedure that requires longer rehabilitation. But this is also the best facelift. Specialists for this procedure choose fractional lasers.

Functionality of devices

Cosmetic devices for non-ablative way of rejuvenation have their main functions, for example:

  1. neodymiumlasers are used to remove various vascular formations;
  2. diodelasers are used for lifting;
  3. erbiumlasers in their work are similar to ablative skin rejuvenation devices, but without external influence on the surface layers of the skin.

Modern clinics use ablative lasers for rejuvenation, and most beauty salons offer a non-invasive lifting method.

Preparing for the procedure

The experience and efforts of a cosmetologist will not be enough to reduce the risk of side effects. It is necessary that the patient does not go to the sauna or sunbathe for two weeks before the procedure.

It is equally important to inform the specialist who will perform the facelift with accurate information about past and existing diseases.

Preparation before the procedure includes:

  1. cleaning of pores from the secretion of the sebaceous glands and various pollution;
  2. removal of keratinized cells;
  3. application of a special cooling gel to the skin in the area of the laser;
  4. eye protection with special glasses.

Facelift technology

facelift procedure technology

Laser skin rejuvenation is achieved in two ways:ablation(layer-by-layer removal of cells) ornon-ablation(heating the skin without breaking the integrity).

The laser beam during the procedure can be different to completely cover the entire surface of the skin, or the laser beam can be divided into tens and hundreds of micro-beams.

Ablative resurfacing

This is a layer-by-layer method for removing deep skin tissue. It is used to rejuvenate and correct visible defects.

Mechanisms of this grinding:

  • scars, age spots and wrinkles disappear from the skin with superficial evaporation of cells;
  • due to the thermal action of the laser, a growth factor is produced that synthesizes collagen.

The skin on the face seems to evaporate under the influence of laser beams. In the process of resurfacing, the face skin is tightened.

Non-ablative skin tightening

This is the effect of laser beams on the deep layers of the skin with the stimulation of the synthesis of elastin and collagen in them.

Non-ablative skin tightening is achieved by increasing skin tone. Some experts question the effectiveness of this technique.

This non-ablative facelift allows you to target sensitive areas - on the eyelids and around the eyes.

Thanks to the gentle action and precision of the settings, this has become possible. And after the procedure, you do not have to undergo rehabilitation treatment.

Results and their duration

To assess the effectiveness of laser lifting, just look at the photos of patients before and after it. The final result is observed in about six months, because, like after standard plastics, it takes time to restore damaged areas and disappear puffiness. In addition, during this period, the body begins to independently produce substances that are responsible for maintaining the elasticity of the skin.

If you rejuvenate with a laser, you can visually remove 5-10 years. The duration of the effect depends on many factors and can range from 6 months to 6-7 years.

The results are the following positive changes:

  • toning muscles;
  • restoration of the correct face shape;
  • elimination of skin defects (pigmentation, scars, post-acne);
  • narrowing of pores;
  • smoothing the dermis and improving complexion;
  • wrinkle removal;
  • improvement of skin turgor, elasticity;
  • stimulation of microcirculation and lymph flow;
  • exfoliation of dead dermal layers;
  • normalization of the sebaceous glands.

Thanks to thermolifting, the skin becomes more elastic, fine wrinkles disappear and deep folds are reduced.

Laser Rejuvenation Technology

The technology of laser exposure is determined by the intensity of its penetration into the epidermis.

Low-intensity lasers (also called cold lasers) are used for surface laser biostimulation and laser phoresis. To fulfill these purposes, diode devices with a beam length of 630-900 nm and a power of up to 100 mW are used. The purpose of the procedure: to activate the natural process of repair (restoration) of the skin and the correction of surface imperfections.

Low-intensity radiation is regularly applied in short-term courses and is a type of physiotherapeutic procedures designed for complex skin care.

Another option for using a laser in cosmetology is high-energy laser exposure. It includes various procedures that differ in the geometry of penetration of the rays and the degree of destruction of the structural lattice of the dermis. This category of services includes laser resurfacing, ablation, nanoperforation, laser lifting, etc.

dermis layers

Laser resurfacing destroys the surface layer of the epidermis, which is soon renewed

For laser rejuvenation, modern multi-mode devices are used that are capable of affecting problem areas of the skin with jewelry precision.

Possible complications

Laser lifting is a relatively gentle method of rejuvenation. Nevertheless, the likelihood of developing complications and unpleasant consequences remains. Side effects occur in 3-5% of cases. These include the following negative points:

  • skin redness;
  • severe itching;
  • severe swelling;
  • the formation of weeping crusts;
  • preservation of "holes" from the fractional laser;
  • hypo- or hyperpigmentation;
  • scarring;
  • bruises;
  • skin inflammation.

Avoid laser contact with mucous membranes as painful burns may occur.

Most symptoms resolve within the first week of rehabilitation. If the sensations become excessively painful, the itching does not go away, new wound foci appear, you should immediately seek help from a specialist.

Advantages and Disadvantages

Different types of lifting differ in the degree of their effect on the skin. The following advantages of this direction of rejuvenation can be distinguished:

  • worthy alternative to plastic surgery;
  • is suitable for all skin types;
  • smoothes even deep wrinkles;
  • tightens the muscles of the face and neck;
  • low-traumatic technique;
  • allows you to work with a well-defined area;
  • exposure does not take long.

The procedure takes 20 to 60 minutes, depending on the area of the treated area.

The disadvantages of thermolifting include the following features:

  1. Soreness. Ablative methods are burns and therefore can be quite painful. Modern equipment and anesthetic gels reduce discomfort.
  2. Long recovery period. It is recommended to take a vacation until the face is completely healed.
  3. Cost. A full-fledged lifting requires several sessions, which are quite expensive.

Procedure

Regardless of the type of laser rejuvenation used, a specialist always examines the condition of the skin, can prescribe a course of anti-herpes drugs and even take a blood test to exclude diseases that are a contraindication to the procedure.

Laser rejuvenation itself consists of the following steps:

  1. Cleansing and treating the skin with anesthetic cream or gel.
  2. Cooling of the epidermis.
  3. Exposure to the skin with laser micro-pulses.
  4. Treatment of the inflamed epidermis with an antiseptic and special products with a soothing and regenerating effect.

What to look for during the procedure:

  • The procedure is carried out in a clean room treated with an antiseptic.
  • According to sanitary and hygienic standards, an employee of the beauty parlor is obliged to give the patient a cap and special glasses.
  • In the process of laser rejuvenation, minor pain sensations are allowed. If there is an unbearable burning sensation, you need to notify the beautician about it.
  • The maximum duration of the procedure is two hours.

Preparations used in laser rejuvenation

To make the process of laser skin treatment painless, pain relievers are applied to the skin. Clinics and salons can offer one of the types of local anesthesia:

  • Anesthetic gel. A professional anesthetic is applied to the skin under a film 30 minutes before laser exposure. The complete lack of sensitivity is ensured for three hours.
  • Local cooling. It can be used as an independent anesthesia for superficial rejuvenation, and in combination with an anesthetic gel, if a deep penetration of the beam is prescribed.
  • Vibrations. The use of a vibration anesthesia device can enhance the effect of the previous two methods.
facial treatment by a beautician

Answers to questions

How many procedures do you need to undergo to achieve a visible lifting effect?

The result will be visible after the first manipulation, when the skin is restored. However, to achieve a stable and maximum result, another 2-3 sessions are needed, carried out with an interval of 1-1. 5 months.

Can laser lifting replace plastic surgery?

This method achieves an effect similar to a surgical facelift, but it will still not be as long-lasting and of high quality. In case of pronounced signs of aging, it is better to seek the help of a plastic surgeon.

How much does a laser lifting procedure cost?

The exact price depends on the number of treated areas and the chosen method, the rating of the clinic and the qualification level of the specialist.

Is it possible to carry out the procedure at home?

There are devices for home use on the market, but their efficiency is significantly lower than professional equipment. In addition, it is difficult to achieve a high-quality result without medical supervision; there is a high risk of complications.

03.03.2021