Laser facial skin rejuvenation

Aging of the skin is manifested by the loss of elasticity, the appearance of flabbiness and wrinkles. These changes are forcing many women to seek the help of cosmetologists who have many anti-aging agents and beauty injections in their arsenal. In recent years, taking into account the reviews of patients and the doctors themselves, laser procedures for the face are especially popular.

The essence of laser therapy

Laser beams penetrate the skin to a depth of 1 mm, destroying old cells, thereby creating favorable conditions for the formation of new, young tissues. There are several methods of laser therapy:

  • Grinding.One of the most affordable and effective ways to rejuvenate. Easy to perform even at home. The procedure requires the purchase of sapphire or erbium laser systems.
  • Biorevitalization.The most severe and aggressive method, since exposure to short laser pulses causes burning of the upper layer of the dermis.
  • Fractional impact,otherwise called fraxel. An effective and safe way of laser therapy.

Let's consider what fractional skin rejuvenation is, its advantages and disadvantages.

Principle

carrying out a procedure for laser fractional facial skin rejuvenation

The procedure is similar to laser resurfacing, but this method is more effective. It can be safely called photorejuvenation. The procedure is carried out using special equipment with photocells, thanks to which laser beams penetrate under the skin. Irradiation of the skin is carried out with a continuous impulse - a multitude of micro-beams that form a grid effect. In the process, some of the old cells die off, the activation and growth of new ones occurs.

In contact with the skin surface, the laser forms small microdamages. They stimulate cellular immunity, which triggers the process of renewal of tissue areas that need correction. During the procedure, blood circulation, the synthesis of collagen and elastic fibers improves, thereby reducing skin flabbiness, elasticity and turgor return to it.

There are several types of photothermolysis:

  • Non-ablative rejuvenation.The laser beam penetrates 3-5 mm deep into the skin, restoring the deep layers of the epidermis without removing skin areas.
  • Ablative photothermolysis.The laser beam removes superficial micro-areas of the skin and is introduced into the dermis by 1. 5 mm. As a result, regenerative processes are activated. The method is suitable for removing superficial wrinkles.

The best way to rejuvenate problem areas of the skin is the simultaneous use of these types of photothermolysis.

Fractional laser rejuvenation of facial skin should be performed only by a person who has a higher medical education and is a highly qualified specialist.

Purpose and method of conducting

technique for laser fractional facial skin rejuvenation

Fractional rejuvenation is recommended when the patient has the following problems:

  • Reduced tissue turgor.
  • Pigmented areas of the skin.
  • Vascular asterisks.
  • Age-related changes.
  • Roughness and porosity of the skin.
  • Acne, post-acne, scars.

The method does not need preliminary preparation.

Main steps:

  1. Before the procedure, the skin of the face is cleaned of cosmetics and any existing impurities using exfoliating scrubs.
  2. Anesthetic ointment or cream is applied, thanks to which laser therapy is painless. During the session, the patient may feel only a slight tingling sensation. On average, one fractional rejuvenation procedure takes approximately 30 minutes.
  3. Finally, a special moisturizer is applied to the face.

The first results are noticeable after a week. The reviews of many women who have undergone this procedure contain an indication that in order to get more efficiency from the method, you need to go through several sessions with a frequency of once a month. However, the number of laser therapy procedures in each case is selected individually by a cosmetologist, taking into account many factors (skin condition, woman's age, presence of skin defects).

On average, the effect of the laser therapy carried out lasts for two to three years. It is worth remembering that skin youthfulness persists for a long time if a woman leads a healthy lifestyle (quitting smoking and alcohol, following proper nutrition, good rest, proper skin care).

Further care

beautiful facial skin after fractional laser rejuvenation

Protective crusts form on the parts of the body exposed to the laser after a few days, which disappear after 3-4 days. In some cases, the face may turn red, swell and peel off, the skin will acquire a normal structure in 7-10 days.

After completing fractional rejuvenation, it is important to properly care for your skin:

  • Wash only with boiled water.
  • Over the next two weeks, moisturizing creams containing hyaluronic acid should be applied to the skin.
  • Use sunscreen to help prevent pigmentation on your skin.
  • For a month after laser procedures, it is forbidden to sunbathe, use scrubs and peel, visit saunas, solariums or swimming pools.
  • It is recommended not to drink alcohol and quit smoking, as these bad habits slow down tissue regeneration.

Following all the rules of rehabilitation, you can significantly speed up the recovery period, reduce the risk of possible complications.

Contraindications and side effects

how is fractional laser facial skin rejuvenation performed

Laser therapy is an aggressive method and is often performed when other methods have been ineffective or are not recommended. It must be remembered that the procedure has a number of contraindications:

  • The presence of malignant tumors.
  • Any pathological change in the skin at the site of treatment (psoriasis, vitiligo, eczema and dermatitis).
  • Violation of the integrity of the skin.
  • The presence of photoallergy.
  • Chronic endocrine, cardiovascular, hematological diseases in the stage of decompensation.
  • Excessive keloid formation.
  • Acute infectious diseases.
  • Weakened immunity.
  • Herpes (acute or exacerbation stage).
  • Taking medicines containing retinoids.
  • Pregnancy and lactation.
  • Epilepsy and other neurological diseases.

During menstruation and during a cold, a woman should also postpone laser therapy. The decision on admission to the manipulation is always made by the cosmetologist.

It must be remembered that the procedure causes short-term skin irritation and swelling of the face in some women. Herpes may also worsen, headache and dizziness may occur in response to anesthesia. Quite rarely, there are cases of the appearance of an area of increased or decreased pigmentation at the site of treatment, as well as scars or scars (if there is a tendency to form them). The likelihood of such complications depends on the correctness of the procedure and compliance with the rules of rehabilitation.

Advantages and disadvantages of the method

Many women and cosmetologists choose the method of fractional rejuvenation, since it has a number of advantages, namely:

  • Due to its deep impact, it is highly effective.
  • Suitable for all skin types.
  • It is painless and safe as the risk of complications is minimal.
  • A large area of skin can be treated in one procedure.

A significant disadvantage of fractional rejuvenation is the high cost of the method. The reviews of some women contain information that in reality the recovery period takes longer than promised by specialists (about two weeks instead of 7 days), and there are also cases of low effectiveness from the treatment carried out.

23.03.2021