Plasmolifting is an injection procedure for rejuvenation and improvement of the condition of facial skin, offered in cosmetology clinics. Platelet-rich plasma is used as an injection. The technique for obtaining and using plasma was developed in the USA in 1975.
Initially, plasma was used only for the speedy healing of tissues after operations. Now platelet-rich plasma is trying to use everything in new qualities (including for rejuvenating facial skin, as well as stimulating hair growth).
Platelet-rich plasma, for certain reasons (we will discuss them below), is usually used only in conjunction with other rejuvenation methods. You will not be able to find on the Internet real photos of patients before and after the plasmolifting procedure for one simple reason - after only plasmolifting, you simply will not be able to see any change in the condition of the skin or hair.
In all patients who have visual changes, in fact, either a fractional type laser, or fillers, or chemical serums were used in parallel to stimulate hair growth . . . If you see photos somewhere and they tell you that such drastic changes are only from one plasmoliftingKnow right away that you are being lied to. Below you can see photos of such patients.
The essence of the procedure is that the patient's own blood is taken and driven through a special apparatus (centrifuge). As a result of centrifugation, plasma with platelets is separated from red blood cells. The output is concentrated patient plasma enriched with platelets and fibrin.
This plasma can be injected into the skin of the patient's face, and there can be practically no side effects, since such plasma is a very pure substance, consisting of the individual's own cells. Therefore, there is absolutely no risk of rejection, infection or allergic reactions.
How is the plasmolifting procedure carried out - the procedure itself takes about 20 minutes. Blood is taken from a patient's vein (Fig. 6), which rotates in a centrifuge for 6 minutes. As a result of rotation, the blood breaks up into several fractions, i. e. there is a separation of plasma with platelets and fibrin - from erythrocytes. Further, this platelet-rich plasma is administered by intradermal injection (Fig. 9). According to the developer of the method: the results appear within 3-5 weeks, and the full effect is achieved at 4-7 weeks and lasts up to 18 months.
The key to success is to make the cells think they are damaged. Platelet-rich plasma, injected into the skin, makes the body think that an injury has occurred at the injection site and the body begins to create networks (chains) of fibrin in these places. These fibrin networks activate skin cell growth factors, which leads to stimulation of the function of fibroblasts (cells that produce collagen).
That is, in theory, we get: a healthy appearance of the skin, a thickening of the dermis (and, as a result, a reduction in wrinkles), an improvement in skin tone, faster recovery after any invasive procedures. However, when theory collides with practice, the reviews may be less rosy than the developers of the method tell us.
In medicine, platelet-rich plasma has been used since 1975. Initially, it was used only for gluing the cornea of the eye, a seamless fusion of nerves. Animal studies have shown that platelets and fibrin in elevated concentrations accelerate the processes of cell migration and collagen synthesis, as well as fibroplasia and angiogenesis, which leads to faster tissue healing.
However, the mass use of platelet-rich plasma in surgery began only in 1986, when certain experience was gained and the first studies were published. In 1997, an article was published that talked about the effectiveness of plasma in the regeneration of facial bones. After that, plasma began to be actively used in dentistry during implantation operations, operations to build up the bone level in periodontitis, and for the treatment of wounds and soft tissue injuries.
Today, plasma is used in orthopedic surgery, traumatology, cosmetic and plastic surgery, gastrointestinal surgery, heart bypass surgery, spinal surgery, etc.
In the last decade, platelet-rich plasma has begun to attract the attention of dermatologists and cosmetologists for aesthetic purposes for skin rejuvenation.
Doctors try not to carry out plasmolifting without other parallel procedures for facial rejuvenation. Why this happens - you can read in our article a little lower, and this information will be very interesting for you. Most often, plasmolifting is carried out in combination with the following anti-aging procedures . . .
Patients who do not want to use any fillers can have the Plasmolifting procedure separately from other methods. In this case, it will be just something like mesotherapy (biorevitalization). And although the results of such a procedure will be much worse than with a combination of plasma lifting with fillers or a laser, you can still get some improvement in skin texture.
Very often, with a large loss of hair and to strengthen them, platelet-rich plasma of the patient is used, which is injected into the scalp. Plasmolifting for hair reviews is mostly positive, but again only when platelet-rich plasma is used in combination with various drugs that stimulate hair growth.
Naturally, it is the serum that has the main effect here, and not the plasmolifting at all. And besides, the effect of the serum will only be temporary (for the duration of its application). And in principle, it is very clear why doctors recommend doing plasmolifting for hair only with serum. Because you will not notice any effect without serum.
Plasmolifting of the scalp makes sense to do (in our opinion) only after hair transplantation, because. in this case, we can assume an improvement in the survival rate of implanted hair follicles. However, and this is only guesswork, because. there are no clinical studies on this topic at all.
In any case, before agreeing to such a procedure, we would recommend that you first try such a proven method as the darsonval physiotherapy procedure. The device can be purchased online. A 20-day course of using darsonval can significantly accelerate hair growth, as well as activate dormant hair follicles.
Plasmolifting has practically no side effects and contraindications, and is a harmless procedure. Because plasma is made from the patient's own blood, there is no risk of rejection or allergic reaction. Infectious complications are possible only if the doctor does not follow the rules of asepsis and antisepsis during blood sampling, centrifugation and subsequent injection.
Side effects include slight redness of the skin up to 48 hours after the procedure. Sometimes small swellings (hematomas) may appear at the injection sites, which usually disappear within 10 days. The use of cold compresses immediately after the procedure will minimize the risk of their occurrence.
Plasmolifting of the face - opinions about the procedure are negative in the vast majority of cases. Positive reviews are found mainly only in patients who have undergone plasmolifting in combination with one of the other facial rejuvenation techniques.
In the USA, the plasmolifting procedure is often performed by doctors in combination with facial fillers, which are designed to add volume, reduce wrinkles, and remove wrinkles. It doesn’t take much intelligence to understand that it is fillers (and not plasma) that are the source of positive feedback in this case, because fillers instantly smooth wrinkles after being injected into the skin, and this effect lasts from 0. 5 to 1. 2 years.
As for the professional view of plasmolifting, the reviews of doctors almost unanimously speak of the dubious effectiveness of a separate plasmolifting procedure. Doctors refer to the lack of any scientific evidence and published reliable studies on the rejuvenating effect of plasmolifting. Moreover, studies as such exist, but all of them are extremely doubtful from the point of view of professionalism.
Among doctors, negative ones are most common, as doctors believe that plasmolifting is a term used as a marketing ploy to promote facial fillers in combination with the patient's own plasma. To date, there is not a single published clinical study confirming that plasmolifting really contributes to the rejuvenation and tightening of facial skin.
In 2011, a study was published on the effectiveness of platelet-rich plasma in skin rejuvenation. The study was carried out in laboratory conditions (in test tubes). Plasma has been found to stimulate the function of fibroblasts and lead to an increase in their number, as well as an increase in type 1 collagen. However, this happened not only with the introduction of platelet-rich plasma, but even after the introduction of platelet-poor plasma, which already raises a lot of questions.
It is striking that in this study they are generally silent about the quantitative (percentage) indicator of this increase, which suggests that this improvement remains on the verge of statistical error. To date, there is not a single study that would be carried out in the only reliable way: by taking tissue particles for examination before and after plasma lifting, and comparing the number of fibroblasts and collagen in skin sections.
In this regard, there are no prerequisites to consider plasmolifting as an effective anti-aging procedure, despite the active advertising and promotion of this procedure. Even the above test-tube study emphasizes that there is little evidence to support the efficacy of plasma in facial skin rejuvenation and more research is needed.
Conclusions:Today, many aesthetic clinics and beauty parlors carry out the facial plasmolifting procedure in combination with fillers or other anti-aging procedures. Reviews claim that the skin after the procedure really acquires elasticity and radiance. However, it should be noted that fillers themselves can greatly improve the condition of aging skin.
Plasmolifting of the face is just an additional procedure that does not yet have evidence of effectiveness, for which you will have to pay extra money. It turns out that the client pays for two procedures, one of which is most likely a dummy, and the result is excellent, not realizing that he would have received exactly the same result only after using only fillers.
The only combination, in our opinion, that is worthy of attention is the use of enriched plasma together with a fractional type of laser. The latter creates microscopic holes in the thickness of the skin (while the surface layer of the skin is not injured), which leads to a pronounced stimulation of reparative processes in the skin. The parallel application of plasma should significantly accelerate the healing process and the formation of new collagen.
Prices for the plasmolifting procedure can vary in a wide range, becausethe procedure itself can be combined with laser therapy, microdermabrasion, chemical peels, fillers, Botox and other procedures. On average, 2 to 3 procedures are required (performed every 3-4 months) to achieve the desired effect. The cost of plasmolifting will depend on the initial data and the desired result.